Most Gaza residents trapped
AS CIVILIAN casualties mounted in the Israeli ground invasion of the Gaza Strip, Israel's military reminded the world that it had warned people living in targeted areas to leave. The response from Palestinians was unanimous: Where should we go?
United Nations shelters are already brimming, and some Palestinians fear they are not safe there; one shelter was bombed by Israel in a previous conflict. Many Gaza residents have sought refuge with relatives, but with large extended families commonly consisting of dozens of relatives, many homes in the shrinking areas considered safe are already packed.
Perhaps most importantly, the vast majority of Gazans cannot leave Gaza. They live under restrictions that make this narrow coastal strip, which the UN considers occupied by Israel, unlike anywhere else.
In 2010, British Prime Minister David Cameron called Gaza "an open-air prison", drawing criticism from Israel.
In reality, the vast majority of Gazans are effectively trapped, unable to seek refugee status across an international border. Most, or their descendants, are already refugees from what is now Israel.
A 40km-long rectangle just a few kilometres wide, and one of the most densely populated places in the world, Gaza is surrounded by concrete walls and fences along its northern and eastern boundaries with Israel, and its southern border with Egypt.
Even in what passes for ordinary times here, Israel permits very few Gazans to enter its territory, citing security concerns because suicide bombers and other militants from Gaza have killed Israeli civilians. The restrictions over the years have cost Palestinians jobs, scholarships and travel.
Egypt has also severely curtailed Gazans' ability to travel, opening its border crossing with the territory for only 17 days this year.
During the current fighting between Israel and the Hamas militants who control Gaza, only those with Egyptian or foreign passports, or special permission, were allowed to exit.
Even the Mediterranean Sea to the west provides no escape. Israel restricts boats from Gaza to three nautical miles offshore. And Gaza, with its airspace controlled by Israel, has no airport.
So, while three million Syrians have fled their country during the war there, more and more of Gaza's 1.7 million people have been moving away from the edges of the strip and crowding into the already-packed centre of Gaza City.