Drone killings stain Obama's war legacy

DEATH FROM ABOVE: Three 227kg bombs about to be loaded on US Air Force drones at Kandahar Airfield, Afghanistan.


    May 31, 2016

    Drone killings stain Obama's war legacy

    AS UNITED States President Barack Obama completes his second term, the controversial drone strikes he has dramatically escalated will be part of his legacy.

    The US military claimed that it launched a drone strike on May 21 that killed Taleban leader Akhtar Mohammad Mansour in a western Pakistan province near the border with Afghanistan.

    But Pakistan's government was not informed beforehand of the strike that took place on its sovereign territory. Neither was there any information on the others blown up in the vehicle by several US drones.

    The US government has been using euphemisms to describe such actions as target killings, rather than assassinations, just like the words "enhanced interrogation" instead of "torture" are used regarding Guantanamo prison detainees held without due process.

    While Mr Obama claims that the US has been the "standard bearer in the conduct of war", the drone strikes have drawn sharp criticism over their legality and the loss of civilian lives, described in White House euphemism as "collateral damage".

    In such a situation, Mr Obama, a lawyer by training, has been making decisions himself as to who should be on the kill list. This contrasts sharply to his days as a young senator from Illinois when he criticised such a counter-terrorism approach by then president George W. Bush.

    The Assassination Complex: Inside The Government's Secret Drone Warfare Program, a book written by Jeremy Scahill and the staff of The Intercept and published by Simon & Schuster early this month, tells an entirely different story from the one told by Mr Obama and other US government officials.

    The book is based on the Drone Papers published by The Intercept last October with numerous secret documents by whistleblowers that detail the inner workings of the US military assassination programme in Afghanistan, Yemen and Somalia.

    Far from Mr Obama's claims that drone strikes have been carried out with "near certainty", the book shows that some 90 per cent of the people decimated in the strikes were not the intended targets.

    It might be true that with the emergence of remote-controlled lethal weapons, the US may have saved American lives by not putting boots on the ground. But what is also true is that the cost of civilian lives in countries from South Asia to the Middle East and North Africa has increased dramatically.

    The Intercept papers and book reveal that the strikes personally ordered by Mr Obama could often be based on an intelligence system with many loopholes, and that the US military simply labels unknown people killed in drone assassination as "enemies killed in action".

    The publications also reveal that White House standards regarding drone strikes are confusing. For example, the White House policy standards stipulate that lethal force will be used only against targets who pose a "continuing, imminent threat to US persons". It does not fit the situation in Yemen and Somalia, where there was little US presence to justify such action.

    The documentary National Bird, released last month, also tells the story of the horrible drone programme from the viewpoint of three US whistleblowers - three US military veterans who participated in drone warfare but were haunted by the guilt of killing people on foreign soil, people whose faces they could not even see. The prolonged psychological horror suffered by civilian survivors of those drone strikes is also revealed in the documentary.

    The White House announced in March that it will release its drone playbook and the number of casualties regarding combatants and civilians. What is clear is that the whole world is watching this legacy of Mr Obama's, while drone technology continues to proliferate quickly around the world.

    Remember the panic caused in the US when a small, amateur drone crash landed last October on the lawn outside the White House?