Take time to manage your online reputation
IF IRISH poet Brendan Behan were still alive today, he might want to amend his oft-quoted words: "There's no such thing as bad publicity, except your own obituary."
These days, he would surely need to add "inappropriate Facebook posts" immediately after "obituary".
With the explosion of social media, job seekers are unintentionally showing their true colours more than ever.
In some cases, they are suffering very real consequences, such as being taken out of the running for a job or even losing an offer after it has been extended.
So, what should you do if you Google your own name and come up with unsavoury results?
MEASURE YOUR ONLINE VALUE
It is critical to understand how you appear online but most people do not, according to Peter Sterlacci, a personal branding consultant who is based in Kyoto, Japan.
"Unfortunately, most people are reactive rather than proactive when it comes to managing their online reputation," he wrote in an e-mail. "Until something negative appears, we don't really think about our online identity, and then it is too late."
An easy and free way to check your online identity is with a tool like the Online Identity Calculator (www.onlineidcalculator.com), suggested Mr Sterlacci.
You answer a few questions based on a Google search of your name, and the calculator categorises your identity in one of five ways, anything from "digitally disguised" to "digitally distinct".
GO STRAIGHT TO THE SOURCE
Google and other search engines rank online content on its quality, the number of links pointing back to it, the keywords used and how recent or fresh it is, said Dan Schawbel, author of Promote Yourself: The New Rules Of Career Success. That means that the more social media you use, the more careful you have to be about what employers will see.
"Employers will search for your name, and results will populate based on what you have published about yourself or what other people have published about you," he said.
First, find the source. If it is not obvious from the link, one way to find out is to visit http://whois.net and see who owns the website. Then ask that person to delete the tweet, article or photo, said Mr Schawbel.
Be prepared: making the bad news go away is not always that easy. You might have to live with what is found and try to counteract it instead.
"Try and get positive press in the media to counter it, write articles and blog posts, or register your name on more social networking sites," he said.
If you are not well known, then work on becoming better known so that you can be found online. Do this by posting career-relevant content on LinkedIn, asking for recommendations, giving people endorsements and participating in groups, suggested Mr Schawbel.
"Create an online body of work that now represents you," Ted Clohosey, branding expert and co-founder of Britain- and Ireland-based Your Brand Academy, wrote in an e-mail.
CAST A WIDE NET
Next, work on building up your online brand by setting up social media profiles on sites like LinkedIn, Twitter, Facebook, Instagram and About.me.
"Your brand is your business, so create a Facebook page as if you were a business and put up posts that interest you professionally," wrote Mr Clohosey. "Google is looking continuously for fresh new content. If someone searches for your name, having fresh content and always demonstrating your value will showcase you in the best light."
He also suggested creating an account with a service such as Slideshare.com, which allows you to share PowerPoint presentations. These can visually demonstrate your knowledge and expertise.
Start a blog and post daily "to further build your online value repertoire, all the while building a body of evidence of how you create and add value", he wrote. "This will help create an amazing first impression of you online. It will promote your value while pushing the negative things further down in Google. First impressions count."
Mr Clohosey recommended using a social media management tool, such as HootSuite, to post your updates to all of your social media platforms simultaneously.
TO DIVULGE OR NOT TO DIVULGE
If you find something negative and you cannot get it removed, should you get in front of a potential problem and tell a would-be or current employer? Only if you are dealing with false accusations and you can prove it, Mr Schawbel recommends.
"In that case, you can tell them your case and show the evidence so they don't hold it against you," he said. "Otherwise, they will take those results at face value and not hire you."
Lisa LaRue, a London-based career coach and owner of career development consultancy CareerWorx, recommended against sharing negative information.
"In my experience, employers and recruiters will have reviewed your online profile before interviewing you, so it would only be worth addressing it if it was specifically brought up," she wrote in an e-mail.
Instead, put your time into managing your online reputation via social media.
For example, spend time reviewing and adjusting your privacy settings, suggested Ms LaRue. Set online profiles so that they cannot be searched for by your name, and turn off "tagging" so that friends cannot tag photos of you that might be publicly visible.