GIC sees tougher decade ahead
SINGAPORE sovereign wealth fund GIC, which manages more than US$100 billion (S$125 billion) of the city-state's foreign reserves, on Saturday warned of a tough investment outlook over the next decade, as global central banks withdraw ultra-easy monetary policies.
GIC said the prices of all major asset classes have been inflated by the massive stimulus measures, and now face weak future returns.
"Global financial markets have been recovering strongly from the 2008/09 global financial crisis, supported by low interest rates and unconventional monetary policies," the fund said in its annual report.
As central banks unwind monetary stimulus measures and interest rates increase, "financial assets will see diminished returns", it said.
The United States Federal Reserve is expected to end multi-billion-dollar bond purchases in October, winding up a five-year stimulus effort to support the world's biggest economy. The European Central Bank has said it will reassess its stimulus measures at the end of this year.
"The investment environment for the next 10 years will therefore be more challenging for global investors, including GIC," the fund said.
GIC said its assets earned a 4.1 per cent annualised real rate of return over the past 20 years in the year to March, almost the same as last year's 4 per cent. It does not report the value of its assets.
Lim Siong Guan, GIC's president, said the fund is committed "to ride out significant short-term volatility and focus on long-term fundamentals".
GIC last year unveiled a new investment strategy that split its global portfolio into three segments, a move it said was in anticipation of a "more challenging and complex investment environment".
In its annual report this year, the fund said the Americas region, including the United States, accounted for 42 per cent of its portfolio in the year to March, 2 percentage points lower than the previous year.
Its exposure to Europe was at 29 per cent, 4 percentage points higher than last year's.
Its holdings in Asia stood at 27 per cent, 1 percentage point lower than last year's, while the remaining 2 per cent was concentrated in the Australasia region.
Twenty-nine per cent of its portfolio was in developed-market equities, 19 per cent in emerging-market equities, 31 per cent in nominal bonds and cash, 7 per cent in real estate, 9 per cent in private equity and the remaining 5 per cent in inflation-linked bonds.
Among its latest investments, GIC acquired a stake in US-based anti-plagiarism software-maker iParadigms in June, and, in May, bought into a Philippine hospital group, as well as Brazilian online sports retailer Netshoes.
GIC is one of two Singapore sovereign wealth funds, the other one being Temasek Holdings.
The net investment returns from GIC, the central bank and Temasek account for about 15 per cent of the total government budget in Singapore.